I found out today that the shared taxis I've been taking and calling dolmuş are not dolmuş but "minibus." Minibuses can hold up to 20 people whereas the dolmuş is a yellow van that seats about 8. The word dolmuş means "stuffed"— an accurate description as these vehicles are often crammed with passengers. I also learned that they are charmingly called sarı karıncalar, "yellow ants," by city dwellers for the zippy driving style of the drivers.
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